Climate of Iraq
The climate of Iraq is generally dry and harsh, falling somewhere between
that of Phoenix and Death Valley. Moderate winter temperatures
rapidly give way to warm breezy spring weather and then blistering
triple-digit heat from late May through September. At about the same
latitude as San Diego Baghdad receives only six inches of rain from
November into April, with the remainder of the year being dry.
Average high temperatures rise from near 60 in mid-winter to the mid 70s in March, with mid 80s in April and then mid 90s in May. From June through September maxima average over 100 degrees with July and August topping out at 110 to 108 respectively. Record readings for the summer months hover near 120 degrees. October sees highs averaging in the low 90s then mid 70s in November.
There are two separate wind regimes that impact Iraq. The
Sharqi is a dry dusty wind from the south and
southeast occurring in April through early June and again from late
September through November. The Sharqi can have wind gust to 50 mph
and often results in violent dust storms which can cover hundreds of
square miles and reach nearly a mile in depth. From the middle of
June to mid-September the prevailing wind is the
Shamal. This wind is from the north to northwest and is more
persistent by generally not as gusty as the Sharqi.
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